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MLA Style

Tips and examples on how to do MLA style citations, footnotes, and bibliography.


Many disciplines use MLA style, the citation style developed by the Modern Language Association.[1] Some disciplines require other citation styles such as the Turabian[2], Chicago[3], or APA (American Psychological Association)[4] styles.


Always ask your professor which style is preferred in his or her class. There are printed style guides at the Reference Desk. Purdue OWL is a great source to reference.  The University Writing Center can help too.


[1] Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. (New York: Modern Language Association, 2003).

[2] Kate L. Turabian, A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 6th ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996).

[3] The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003).

[4] Concise Rules of APA Style (Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 2005).

Differences Between 7th & 8th Edition

Purdue OWL explains some notable differences between 7th & 8th edition:

See full page on Purdue OWL, click here.

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