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Health problems of children and adults residing in colonias are widespread. The University of Texas Systems Texas-New-Mexico Border Health Office reported the following rates of selected viral diseases in colonia residents per 100,000 population:
Hepatitis A: 43.9%
In June of 1996, the Department successfully obtained a waiver from HUD allowing the use of a new set of housing standards for Texas colonias. This new set of minimum standards, known as the "Colonia Housing Standards" or "CHS", was adopted by HUD and FHA, to insure loans in the colonias. The new standards provide as a basis, safe, sanitary and structurally sound housing needed to alleviate the existing health risks in the area.
Seventy-eight percent of the adult population in colonias has an education level of high school or less, while the average for counties along the Texas border is 59 percent. Only 22 percent of adults in colonias have some college or a college degree or higher, compared with 55 percent for Texas and 57 percent for the nation.
This conference, “Las Colonias in the 21st Century: Progress Along the Texas–Mexico Border,” was held July 30–31 at the McAllen Convention Center. The event highlighted the Dallas Fed’s 2015 reportPDF of the same name, which presents a comprehensive profile of Texas’ colonias. It describes and analyzes opportunities, successes and challenges in the areas of infrastructure, housing, education, economic opportunity and health.
The Colonias Monitoring Program provides a publicly accessible, binational, GIS database to enable civic leaders and c itizens to inventory, analyze, and monitor growth, housing, and infrastructure in border communities.
Few studies have focused on the relationship between the retail food environment and household food supplies. This study examines spatial access to retail food stores, food shopping habits, and nutrients available in household food supplies among 50 Mexican-origin families residing in Texas border colonias.
Our study investigates why low-income Mexican-American residents living in rural and periurban subdivisions (colonias) in South Texas, one of the poorest regions in the United States, are increasingly dependent upon water vending machines as the main source of drinking water despite continued water infrastructure development.
With an expanding Hispanic/Latino community in the United States, practitioners and researchers working to promote health and prevent disease have relied on lay health advisor (LHA) models to address a variety of health issues. The primary goal of this systematic review was to explore how LHA approaches have been used and evaluated within Hispanic/Latino communities in the U.S.
Over the lastfew decades, California 's rural communities have experienced a sociodemographic transformation as the percentage of Latinos in these towns increased dramatically. These high concentrations of Latinos are correlated with poverty and low educational achievement. Using multiple regression analysis, this study examines how socioeconomic status, school funding, English proficiency, and Latino concentration affect test scores. This study's major findings are: (a) that the socioeconomic status of parents in rural communities is the primary predictor of academic performance; and (b) that the academic performance of both rural Latinos and Whites improves as Latino concentration increases. This last result is in contrast to previous studies, which have relied on pairwise correlations and focused on primarily urban populations.
The article reflects on the housing problems of non-boarder colonias. Any unincorporated community within 150 miles of the U.S.-Mexico border that was established before November 28, 1990 and lacks adequate public infrastructure or housing is defined as non-boarder colonias. Dilapidated housing, unpaved streets, polluted water, and piles of debris are a few of the problems.
There is a paucity of studies acknowledging the existence of alternative food sources, and factors associated with food purchasing from three common alternative sources: vendedores (mobile food vendors), pulgas (flea markets), and vecinos/amigos (neighbors/friends). This analysis aims to examine the use of alternative food sources by Mexican-origin women from Texas-border colonias and determine factors associated with their use
More than one billion people around the world lack access to clean, reliable sources of water. Actual water shortages may play a role in many cases, but it is often just as likely that lack of the appropriate infrastructure-from treatment facilities to a means to place pipes into individual households-is a leading cause of inadequate water access. If the solution is to improve such infrastructure, who is going to pay for it? This article explores this issue in poor communities in the border region of Texas and applies lessons learned there to the many water-poor communities around the globe.