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- Include the full title and sub-title of a book, journal, film, or other material.
- Generally capitalize all words BUT only capitalize articles, conjunctions, and prepositions if they occur at the beginning of the title or sub-title.
- Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.
- Monotremes and Marsupials: The Other Mammals.
- The Phantom of the Opera.
- A Year of Living Dangerously.
- Use italics for titles of books, journals, films, maps, databases.
- Use quotation marks for titles of articles in journals, articles in encyclopedias, and essays in books.
- "Perceptual Study of Soundscapes in Train Stations." Applied Acoustics
- "Fitzgerald, Ella." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music.
- For books, films, maps, and other monographic materials, give the place, publisher, and date of publication in that order. Note the correct punctuation.
- New York: Praeger, 1987.
- Bristol, England: White & Smith, 1997.
- If there is more than one place of publication, give only the first one.
- You may leave out words such as "Inc." or "Publishers" in the publisher's name.
- Praeger Publishers -- use: Praeger.
- If the city might be confused with another city of the same name, give the country or state.
- Springfield, Mo.:
- Rome, Italy:
- Rome, Ga.: