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Chicago Citation Style

Basic information and examples for creating footnotes and a bibliography in Chicago style.

Notes on Bibliography

(Discovering)Usually enter a film under title.

(Fitzgerald) Article from an online encyclopedia. Be sure to include database, date accessed, URL.

(Guion) Entry for a book.

(A History of Music: Essays.)  Disregard A, An, and The at the beginning of an entry when alphabetizing; file under the first significant word.

(Matthew-Walker) An article in an online journal. Include the URL and the date you accessed it.

(National) Example of a corporate author.

(Phillips) Two authors: invert only the first one. Note punctuation between authors.

(Smith) An essay in a book. Note that the page numbers of the essay are given after the title of the whole book.

(Tardieu) Journal article with multiple authors.




Discovering the Music of Africa. DVD. Directed by Bernard Wilets. Huntsville, Tex.: Educational Video Network, 2004.

“Fitzgerald, Ella.” The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. Michael Kennedy and Joyce Kennedy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. Oxford Reference Online. (accessed October 7, 2008)

Guion, David M. The Trombone: Its History and Music, 1697-1811.   New York: Gordon and Breach, 1988.

A History of Music: Essays. James Street, ed. New York: Prime Publishers, 2003.

Matthew-Walker, Robert. “Maria Callas and Elvis Presley: Immortals.” Musical Opinion 131, no. 1461 (Nov.-Dec. 2007): 24-25. (accessed October 7, 2008)

National Early Music Association Conference. From Renaissance to Baroque: Change in Instruments and Instrumental Music in the Seventeenth Century. Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2005.

Phillips, Elizabeth V., and John-Paul Christopher Jackson. Performing Medieval and Renaissance Music: An Introductory Guide. New York: Schirmer Books, 1986.

Smith, James F. “Bobby Sox and Blue Suede Shoes: Frank Sinatra and Elvis Presley as Teen Idols.” In Frank Sinatra and Popular Culture: Essays on an American Icon, 50-68. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1998.

Tardieu, Julien, Patrick Susini, Franck Poisson, Pauline Lazareff, and Stephen McAdams. “Perceptual Study of Soundscapes in Train Stations.” Applied Acoustics 69, no. 12 (December 2008): 1224-1239. (accessed October 10, 2010)


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